What is the job of a photographer?

Photographers use various photographic equipment to capture events, people, objects or scenes for records, art or commercial use.

Photography requires a natural instinct, observation power, training, a great degree of discipline, practice and an eye for detail apart from an intelligent, curious and perceptive mind.

A photographer must have the ability to intermingle the details with his creative ability so as to catch a picture well in his camera. If you need advice on your wedding photography, check out our photography packages and services at Wild Romantic Photography.

Photographer duties and responsibilities

A normal day for a Photographer can vary widely depending on the type of photography they do. However, most Photographers’ duties include:

  • Capture and edit visual content for multiple platforms.
  • Produce photography in various methods, including printed/digital media.
  • Deliver final product to various sources, including internal and external customers, media, graphic designers, and corporate communications.
  • Perform retouching and image adjustments after shoots.
  • Promote businesses to clients and the public.
  • Purchase or requisition supplies.

What does a photographer do?

What is the job of a photographer?

A professional Photographer’s main priority is taking quality photographs. They maintain their equipment, which may include digital and film cameras. They travel to locations for photoshoots and set up shots in natural or studio environments. Photographers may have specialties, such as fashion or portrait photography, or they might be required to photograph many subjects in many settings, depending on the nature of their job. They also may be required to edit and prepare photographs to submit them to clients or publications.

Photographers tend to specialise in one particular area of photography, such as press and photojournalism, fashion or scientific and medical photography. Their work typically entails:

  • setting up photographic equipment
  • taking pictures
  • editing and retouching images
  • choosing and setting up locations
  • reproducing and framing photographs
  • promoting their business (especially if self-employed)
  • researching and making contacts
  • general administration.

The majority of their work is undertaken ‘on location’, so travel and irregular working hours are common features of the job. Looking for wedding photography Melbourne? Look no further! Wild Romantic Photography has you covered.

Genres of Photography

The following are just a few fields that photographers can specialise in:

Wedding Photographer

Wedding photography is a very specialised type of photography. The wedding day is typically one of the most important and memorable days in a person’s lifetime and one that will be remembered for years to come.

Therefore, for most couples, regular photographs just won’t do. Professional wedding photographers are hired to capture a couple’s irreplaceable moments by taking creative, candid and beautiful photographs of the wedding ceremony and reception.

Before even photographing a wedding, the photographer corresponds with the clients for months, or even a year or two, before the actual wedding date. Getting to know the clients and understanding their likes, dislikes, and ultimate vision is important. When the wedding day comes, the couple feels comfortable enough to let their true personalities come out and shine.

Once details are agreed upon, a standard written agreement is signed between the bride- and groom-to-be and the photographer.

After the event is over, the images are processed as quickly as possible, the wedding photographer and couple will meet to go over the images, and ordering details are finalised. A high level of customer service is just as important after the event as good customer relationships can lead to family portraits and portraits of their children in years to come.

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Fashion Photographer

Fashion photographers are responsible for photographing apparel, accessories, and fashion models, as well as collaborating with hairstylists, fashion stylists, make-up artists, and fashion designers. A fashion photographer can either work freelance or be hired by a fashion designer, fashion publication, fashion house, advertising agency, or a fashion/beauty magazine.

This arena has developed in India only recently. The bulk of fashion photography is carried out in either Mumbai or Delhi and involves highly sophisticated and well-equipped studios by freelancers who are commissioned by fashion houses of advertising agencies.

Through their photographs, fashion photographers are able to create a certain aura and define what beauty and style are. Responsibilities typically involve:

  • Setting up and running photoshoots.
  • Communicating with make-up artists and fashion designers to represent their vision best.
  • Editing the photographs.

Feature Photographers

Feature photography essentially involves describing a story through pictures and hence requires a thorough knowledge of the subject. Many photographers specialise in the photography of wildlife, sports travel, environment etc.

Real Estate Photographer

Real estate is a very competitive industry, filled with ambitious agents looking for their next sale. Selling real estate is about setting yourself apart from the competition, and one of the ways that can be done is by capturing beautiful and enticing photos of a home that is for sale.

Real estate photographers specifically hone in on this area of photography, creating photos for real estate agents and their property listings on the MLS (Multiple Listing Service).

This type of photography is somewhat detached from most of the artistic freedom one can enjoy with other forms of photography. Real estate photographers provide a much-needed service for a very fast-paced industry.

However, because the photos are temporary and, for the most part, don’t have much sentimental value, the photographer can concentrate on producing a top-notch product that can be duplicated from one photo shoot to the next.

Travel Photographer

What is the job of a photographer?

Travel photography involves taking images that express an area’s people, cultures, customs, landscape, and history. However, travel photography, unlike other types of photography like fashion, wedding, or real estate photography, is harder to monetise.

Travel photographers used to earn money through magazine assignments and stock photography. However, now that the stock photography market has shrunk, more and more photographers are using other ways to earn a living, such as blogging, commercial projects, and teaching.

Careers in travel photography can be as varied as the destinations they serve. A big part of making a career out of this type of photography is by tapping into social media marketing, content development, negotiation, and sales.

However, the first step is just to get out there and take some pictures – having a good portfolio is key in this genre of photography. Wild Romantic Photography has the best range of services of wedding photography Yarra Valley. Check them out here.


A photojournalist is someone who photographs, edits, and displays images in order to tell a visual story. They are journalistic professionals that are skilled at interpreting and communicating an event through a photograph(s). The subject matter can vary greatly, all the way from social unrest in a foreign country to issues and events happening at a local level.

Photojournalists supply pictures to the national and global press. This career role demands an ability to photograph all kinds of newsworthy people, places, sports, political, and community events for newspapers, journals, magazines, or television. A photojournalist must possess a journalistic sense to shoot a good news picture.

Photojournalists can work as freelance photographers or can be employed by photo agencies, magazines or local newspapers. Employment areas include the internet, print, and television.

Architectural Photographer

An architectural photographer captures photos of buildings and structures with the aim of portraying them as accurately as possible. This may include the interior or exterior of any structure – from a residential home to the world’s tallest building.

Most of us think that buildings are the main things that architectural photographers take pictures of. However, other structures also come under the architecture umbrella, such as bridges, monuments, towers, and windmills.

Such a photographer takes pictures of merchandise, exteriors and interiors of factories and machinery both indoors and outdoors to be used for company brochures, annual reports, and advertising and selling.

One of the main challenges with this type of photography is composing a shot properly. Technical problems need to be solved, such as finding the best vantage point to show mass and shape or looking for the best way to depict spatial depth and clarity.

Advertising Photographers

They are connected with the photographic departments of advertising agencies, photographic studios. A sizeable section of them happens to be freelancers. Advertising photography is possibly the best-paid and most competitive branch of all; success in this sphere depends entirely on ability, efficiency and the right personality. We have an exclusive range of wedding photography Mornington Peninsula services. Check them out here.

Food Photographer

Food photography is a very specific genre of photography – it is still life photography used in cookbooks, blogs, magazines, social media, advertisements, and packaging. The ‘key ingredient’ is to capture the image to make the viewer’s mouth water. This is done by the photographer’s extensive understanding of light, colour palettes, and styling trends.

In order to work in this field, a good understanding of the food one is photographing is very important, as many food items can easily melt or wither, which can make it quite challenging to work with. Food photographers typically work in collaboration with art directors, directors, food stylists, prop stylists, and assistants. As with any genre of photography, food photographers should always have both a print and digital copy of their best work to show potential clients.

Sports Photographer

A sports photographer specialises in taking pictures of athletes and sporting events. Sports photographers usually have VIP access at big events, giving them the best vantage point for seeing the action.

This type of photography is typically used for editorial purposes – sports photographers usually work for newspapers, news wire agencies or sports magazines. However, sports photography can also be used for advertising purposes, whether it’s to build a brand or promote a sport. While most sports photographers work full-time for publications and sports teams, others prefer to work as freelancers, picking and choosing who they work for. Working conditions vary depending on the type of sport being covered – sports photographers may choose to shoot only athletes, only games, or only cover extreme sports like rock climbing or sky diving.

Newborn Photographer

Newborn photography is one of the most rewarding yet difficult genres that a photographer can get into. This is the only area of photography that involves a photographer being completely responsible for another human being’s safety and welfare. Newborns are delicate, must be handled correctly, and are relying on someone to take care of them at all times. This is typically the parent’s responsibility; however, for a few hours, the infant is with the photographer, the parents have to trust the photographer to take on this responsibility.

The average newborn photo session is three to four hours – most of that time is spent settling, cuddling, soothing, and posing the baby (and not taking photos). The actual time taking photos only amounts to a few minutes of those three to four hours. Each baby is unique, and so is each session. The baby will dictate the session and how it goes – typically, the calmer and less stressed the photographer is, the better the session will go since babies can pick up on stress.

Understandably, most newborn photographers will do just one session per day. Beautiful photographs of newborns are not always the easiest to capture, but the challenges make it so rewarding and profitable. A booming newborn photography business can be realised by combining technical skills, business know-how, and a good understanding of babies and their parents.

Freelance Photographer: 

Freelancing has been the most popular career choice among photographers. Photographers who want to be self-employed need to have business management skills. They can do freelancing in any of the above fields.

Self-employed or freelance photographers may license the use of their photographs through stock photo agencies or contract with clients or agencies to provide photographs as necessary. They should also develop an individual style of photography in order to differentiate themselves from the competition.

Portrait Photographer

Portrait photography focuses on capturing a person’s likeness by having an individual sit or pose for the camera in a specific way. Typically, the most prominent part of a portrait photo hones in on a person’s face. Other components, such as backgrounds and props, are still visible but are not the main focus. A portrait photographer will often spend a few minutes posing the subject (or subjects) for each picture. Paying attention to small details, such as a slight tilt of the head, a soft gaze, or a natural placement of the hands, is key to taking successful portrait photos.

The subjects of portrait photography are usually everyday people (not models). Memorable lifetime events can be captured in school photos, dance recital photos, graduation photos, and family portraits.

Landscape Photographer

Landscape photography can be a preferred genre of photography for a variety of reasons, such as recalling a personal observation or experience while travelling, wanting to be involved with nature and the elements, using it as an escape from the artificial world, or simply having an appreciation of natural environments and having a desire to see it preserved.

Many landscape photographers don’t want to show any human activity and instead want to display a pure portrayal of nature that is devoid of any human influence. Features such as light, weather, and strong landforms are usually brought to the forefront. On the other hand, other landscape photographers consider urban settings, industrial areas, farm fields, orchards, and gardens as their definition of a landscape. This genre of photography can be hard to monetise but can be done with excellent marketing skills.

Aerial Photographer

Aerial photographers take pictures from the air, usually from helicopters, small aeroplanes, drones, blimps, balloons, parachutes, pigeons, kites, and rockets. The photographer can take photographs with a hand-held camera, or cameras can be mounted and triggered remotely or automatically. This type of photographer often works for architects or real estate developers who require aerial photos when looking for potential building locations or marketing properties.

Air-to-air photography is a bit different from aerial photography in that it specifically focuses on chase planes that “chase” and photograph other aircraft in flight.

Scientific Photographer

Science photography is an amazing field if you are a science lover. A science photographer takes a picture of different scientific experiments, scientific illustrations, microscopic images, marine life images, etc. You can get a scientific photographer job in a research centre or university.

They typically possess additional knowledge in areas such as engineering, medicine, biology, or chemistry, which assist them in photographing a range of subject-related objects or scientific phenomena. This career role offers a variety of work in terms of assignments. One can either work with news reporters or work as freelancers on independent assignments on the environment, wildlife and other allied fields.

Photographers record events and tell stories using images. They take pictures of people, places, events, and objects.

More than half of all photographers are self-employed as freelancers. Others work for companies that provide photographic services, broadcast companies, and publishers.

Photographers may not need to develop film in the digital age, but a photographer’s job goes beyond pushing a button and taking a photograph. It means taking the time and using the skills of artistic composition and the science of lighting to portray a subject in the best way possible. It may also require using photo-manipulation software to get the desired results.

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