The Ultimate Guide to Photography Lighting

Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    Image success depends on good lighting. Lighting affects brightness, darkness, tone, mood, and atmosphere. To get the best texture, colour vibrancy, and luminosity, you must control and manipulate light. You can create stylised, professional-looking photos by distributing shadows and highlights accurately.

    Light source affects how it falls on a subject. Backlighting gives flat lighting. It causes background shadows. Side lighting is more dramatic because it shows the subject's shape and casts it in partial shadow. Rembrandt lighting is an example. Backlit subjects look different. This time, most of the light hits the side of the issue, creating a more dramatic photo.

    If you need advice on your wedding photography, check out our photography packages and services at Wild Romantic Photography.

    Master photography basics to become a pro. A diffuser reduces glare, harsh shadows, and subject blemishes. It softens, naturalises artificial light. Multiple methods diffuse light. Softboxes, umbrellas, and heatproof sheer fabric work well.

    Light can be manipulated to fall on a specific subject. Diffusers and photography reflectors can help. Reflective collapse Shape light to highlight a specific area. Light shapers can be used to control the direction and width of spotlights.

    Importance of light in photography

    Photographers who make a living doing it are well aware of the connection that exists between the settings on their cameras and the light they capture. The effect that different lighting has on the photograph can vary greatly. If a photographer is aware of how the light will alter the image, then he or she will be able to capture the exact image that is desired.

    Lighting can make or break a photo. A photographer uses photography light whether he understands its science or not. A grainy or blurry photo without lighting. Photographers contrast photos with lighting ratios. Lighting ratio compares how much light illuminates the highlighted and shadow sides. Professional photographers know how camera settings affect light.

    Different light affects the picture differently. If a photographer knows how light will affect the photo, he can take it. Choosing the right wedding photographer in Melbourne to capture every moment on your wedding day. Following are various factors that help you to get the best shot:

    Quality Of Light

    The Ultimate Guide to Photography Lighting

    When taking photographs, the quality of the light is one of the most important factors to consider, regardless of whether you are working outside or in a studio. To become a professional photographer, one must first acquire the necessary skills, one of which is learning how to control light and use it to one's advantage. The "impression" that the light gives in a photograph can frequently be used to judge the impact that it has visually. You need to have a solid understanding of the properties of light before you can effectively use it in your shot.

    Intensity is the amount of light or strength that is produced by a particular light source, and it is measured in lux. It refers to the amount of light that is reflected by the background as well as the photographer.

    Color refers to the hue of the light that is reflected off of the photographer as well as the background.

    Direction: The direction of the light determines the location of the performer's shadow as well as the length of the shadow that is cast by the three-dimensional props that are surrounding him.

    Characteristics of Light

    1. Brightness 

    2. Colour 

    3. Temperature 

    Brightness is easy to handle, but colour and temperature are delicate concepts. It is necessary to make manual adjustments to the colour and temperature in accordance with the amount of light that is entering the room. The act of capturing light and recording it, either on film or in digital format, is what constitutes photography. As a photographer, you have the ability to control the amount of light that is captured in the shot, as well as its intensity and duration.

    Natural Light

    The use of artificial lights should be minimised in favour of natural light sources whenever possible. To make effective use of the available natural light while still capturing a stunning image requires a high level of skill. The photographer would be wise to make use of natural sunlight as their primary source of light. You could take a variety of photographs using sunlight on days when the sky is clear and the sun is shining brightly.

    Photos taken in the middle of the day will be clear, bright, and have a large number of details to choose from. When the sun first rises and when it is just a few hours away from setting, its rays have a distinctively different impact. When the sun is below the horizon, the sunlight scatters, and the colours shine through the atmosphere at different angles. This occurs because the sun is lower in the sky.

    Low Light Photography

    Taking pictures in conditions with low light can be difficult, particularly for those who are just starting out. The intense light that results from taking pictures with a flash will cause the colour of whatever is being photographed to become washed out. If you take a picture without using the flash, on the other hand, the resulting image will be grainy and blurry.

    If you want to take a picture in low light, you can adjust the settings on your camera to make up for the lack of illumination to the greatest extent possible. You have the option of setting the ISO to a higher value so that the camera shuttle will make use of any light that is present in the surrounding area. It is best to use a tripod so that there is no movement of the camera at all.

    Fill Light Photography

    The use of an additional light source in photography, known as fill light, is a technique that lightens shadows in an image. In portrait photography, it is frequently used to create contrast between the subject of the image and the background of the image, thereby imparting a sense of depth. You are planning the wedding of your dreams, and you don't want to miss out on any of the special moments that will take place on your big day. Worry no more, Wild Romantic Photography has you covered.

    When it comes to taking good photos, lighting is one of the most important aspects to consider. Because of this, it is necessary to manipulate and control light in order to get the best luminosity, colour vibrancy, and texture from the object you are working with.

    Eight types of photography lighting

    No matter how long you've been taking pictures or how recently you started, it's always a good idea to brush up on some of the most popular, versatile, and commonly used lightings in photography. This holds true regardless of your level of experience with the hobby. It is going to come down to the subject you are working with, as well as the concept and atmosphere that you are attempting to convey, when you are deciding what kind of light will work for your project. Wild Romantic Photography has the best range of services of wedding photography Yarra Valley. Check them out here.

    Here are some of the most common types of light and how to use them. There are so many different kinds of lights that can be used in photography, and each of them produces a unique effect.

    Flat light

    Flat lighting is achieved when the light source is positioned so that it illuminates the subject from directly in front of them. When lighting a face with a flat light, your subject will be adequately illuminated, and you won't be able to make out any shadows that run along their face.

    Broad light

    The face of your subject is angled slightly away from the camera when you use broad light, which is a type of side lighting. As a result, the side of the face that is best illuminated is the side that is closest to the camera, while the opposite side of the face is cast in shadow. Because this kind of light can give the illusion of a fuller face, it is best suited for people who have very thin faces.

    Short light

    The face is positioned at an acute angle in short light, and the shadow is cast on the side of the face that is adjacent to the direction in which the camera is pointing. This type of side lighting is the inverse of broad light. This particular kind of light is extremely flattering and effective at making one's face appear thinner.

    Keep in mind that shadows have a tendency to accentuate surface textures and imperfections. This is something to keep in mind. Although broad light is an excellent way to highlight freckles, it also has the unfortunate effect of emphasising other skin flaws such as acne and scars.

    It is essential that you find out how your subject feels about those imperfections so that you can determine whether or not you should try to hide them with another type of lighting or if they are okay with you showcasing them using short light.

    Split light

    The term "split lighting" refers to an additional type of side lighting that is characterised by light that illuminates the subject from the side at an angle of ninety degrees.

    In a photograph, split lighting is easy to spot because half of the subject will be illuminated while the other half will be in the shadows. When looking at a face in particular, you will notice that the shadow line runs exactly down the middle of the chin, the nose, and the forehead.

    Because split lighting gives the impression that your subject is tough and masculine, you should give careful consideration to who you plan to photograph before deciding to use this type of lighting.


    The Ultimate Guide to Photography Lighting

    Backlight is exactly what it sounds like: light that illuminates your subject from behind. Although this is most often seen in photographs taken during the cherished golden hour, which is when the sun is low on the horizon and beginning to set, it is possible to achieve this effect at any time of day.

    Backlight can come from a variety of sources, from a window that is behind your subject during the middle of the day to a flash that is placed behind with a coloured gel for a more playful effect.

    Backlighting, for all its aesthetic appeal, is not without its drawbacks, chief among which are an appearance of haziness and a lack of clarity in the subject of your photograph. As a result of this, there are a few activities that I enjoy doing.

    We have an exclusive range of wedding photography Mornington Peninsula services. Check them out here. 


    When using a backlight, one of my personal favourite techniques is to only allow a small amount of light to enter the frame. When you do this, there will be a pretty glow that will provide a welcome contrast to a background that is dark. When I'm working in conditions like these, I frequently expose my subject darker than I would otherwise in order to accentuate the contrast and produce an image with a soothing and comforting vibe.


    There are times when I want the strong haze that occurs when the sun is warmly filling the frame, but it is never a good idea for me to lose clarity in my subject's face. To prevent a reduction in visibility, I make use of a reflector to direct some of the sun's rays back onto the subject of my photograph.

    If you are going to make use of a reflector, you should position it so that it is facing away from the light source, and then you should adjust the angle so that the light shines exactly where you want it to. If you want the light to be stronger, move the reflector closer to your subject. If you want the light to be softer, move the reflector further away.


    Off-camera flash, which functions similarly to a reflector, helps to improve image clarity in situations where there is an abundance of backlighting. To illuminate the subject's face, an off-camera flash can be utilised in the same way as a reflector.

    Off-camera flash has more power (also known as light) and won't encourage squinting unlike a reflector, which is more convenient and less expensive to carry around (very important to consider if your subject is extra sensitive to light like my son).

    Rim light

    Although it falls under the umbrella of backlight, rim light is unique enough to warrant its own category. When using backlight, you can frequently see highlights caused by haze or airiness caused by the light in the background, but when using rim light, you don't have to worry about that happening.

    When you use rim light, the light coming from behind your subject will only highlight the edges of your subject (in the example below, there is a little haze falling into the top right corner of the frame, but you can still see how the rim light separates the subject from the background). When you need to differentiate your subject from the background, this is an excellent tool to utilise.

    Butterfly light

    The light is positioned so that it is above and in front of your subject when using butterfly light. This causes a small shadow to be cast under the nose of the subject, which resembles a butterfly (hence the name). Because of the way it so elegantly draws attention to prominent cheekbones, you will most frequently see this kind of light used on women.

    On the other hand, it draws attention to the shadows cast by eyes that are set far apart. Again, familiarise yourself with the face of your subject and how the light will alter their features. The term "paramount light" is often used interchangeably with "butterfly light."

    If you’d like to work with professional photographers for your wedding, book with us at Wild Romantic Photography.

    Loop light

    When it comes to creating light, loop lighting is pretty much my go-to option. Loop lighting positions the light source approximately 45 degrees to the side and slightly above the level of the viewer's eyes.

    Because the light is directed in this direction, a shadow is cast just below and to the side of one of the nostrils and the nose. The majority of people look good when illuminated by this kind of light.

    FAQs About Photography