It is undeniable that photography is the art form of the modern era because nearly everyone has access to a camera, and the proliferation of user-friendly, professional-grade editing software has caused the medium to flourish.
Because of all of these factors, a new generation of amateur photographers has emerged, and their numbers are higher than they have ever been. But for those who want to move beyond the realm of beginners, is going to photography school necessary? If you need advice on your wedding photography, check out our photography packages and services at Wild Romantic Photography.
When it comes to people's ideals as well as their bank accounts, teaching any kind of creative discipline can be considered to be a touchy subject. Do you need formal training to compete with the millions of images that are uploaded to sites like Instagram and Flickr? This question arises in light of the fact that many professional photographers have trouble finding paid work in the modern era. Determine first and foremost why you are interested in acquiring the skills.
Why Learn Photography?
Because of the internet and social media, there is a growing demand for photo content. This demand comes on top of the fact that photographing some of life's most significant moments allows us to relive them and share them with others many years later. The world desires to view more photographs, and specifically, the world desires to view photographs taken by you.
However, not just any photos will do! It is essential that you develop the skills to see a scene with your eyes through consistent practise in order to be successful. Will it be a simple process? No, but the reason you're here is so that I can teach you the fundamentals of photography so that you can improve the story-telling capabilities of your camera.
How Do Cameras Work?
As novice photographers, the majority of what we absorb comes through sight. In addition, it is my responsibility to ease your transition into photography in any way I can.
Exposure is the most important factor to consider for amateur photographers just starting out in the hobby.
By understanding how exposure works, you will be able to take better control of your camera and produce higher-quality photographs. The three components that come together to form an exposure are the shutter speed, the aperture, and the ISO.
These factors have an effect on more than just the exposure, as you will see very soon. In addition to that, they result in changes to the depth of field, motion blur, and digital noise.
As soon as you have an understanding of how each one operates, you can begin to delve into the manual mode. This is the point at which you wrest control of the camera away from it.
The exposure triangle is a helpful tool for keeping in mind all three of the settings. Together, they give you complete command over the amount of light you take in from any given scene.
Having this knowledge will assist you in comprehending that modifying one setting will necessitate modifying the others. That is, if you are taking pictures of the same scene under the exact same lighting conditions.
How to control exposure:
The Exposure Triangle is comprised of the three settings that are used to control exposure in modern photography. These settings have been used since the 1840s and continue to be used today. The modern camera has a wide variety of intelligent shooting modes and features.
The Automatic mode is the one that is most helpful to beginning photographers because it allows the camera to read the amount of light that is entering the camera and then automatically adjust the settings to properly expose the image. Regardless of how intelligent the camera is, it is unable to understand the variety of settings in which you may be shooting.
Every type of photography—portraits, landscapes, even sports—requires certain settings to be prioritised by the camera. These settings include aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. But you won't be able to fully tap into the potential of your camera until you've mastered all of its settings and have complete control over them.
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There are three stages involved in being exposed. The aperture will serve as our starting point. The light travels through this aperture, which is located on the inside of the lens.
It's kind of like how your pupil is in your eye. When the aperture is wider, more light can enter the camera, and the opposite is also true. Simple? Not quite.
When the aperture is opened up, the f-number drops, which results in a greater amount of light being let into the camera. This works really well in dim light. Be warned, however, that doing so will result in a significantly shallower depth of field. When it comes to photographing landscapes, this is not the ideal situation.
This is just a brief summary, but the full extent of the discussion can be found in the linked post. Because it has such a direct impact on how much of your scene is in sharp focus, the aperture is the setting that should ideally be adjusted first. But if you want to blur the image to give the impression that something is moving, the shutter speed is more important.
The light reaches the shutter of the lens after it has already travelled through the aperture of the lens. At this point, you need to make a decision regarding the amount of light that will be let into the camera.
To avoid blurring caused by motion, the exposure time should be set to no more than a very minute fraction of a second (for instance, 1/250). Nevertheless, various shutter speeds are optimally suited for a variety of scenarios.
Anything from extremely fast (1/4000) for taking pictures of sports to extremely slow (30 seconds) for taking pictures at night. Everything is going to be determined by what you're shooting and how much light you have at your disposal.
Understanding how your shutter speed operates is an essential component of learning the fundamentals of photography.
When the light finally reaches the sensor, it will have already been filtered by the shutter speed before it has gone through the aperture. At this point, we will decide how the ISO will be set.
When you turn up the ISO number, the brightness of the image also goes up. On the other hand, the image quality deteriorates as time goes on. There will be an increase in the amount of digital noise or "grain."
Therefore, you will need to decide what your priorities are in terms of the grain versus the exposure.
After you've gained an understanding of ISO, shutter speed, and aperture, the next step is to learn how each of these components of exposure interact with one another.
Exposure is the most fundamental aspect of photography, and it is also the most important.
In beginning photography, if you don't have this mastered, composition and framing become largely irrelevant considerations.
You will gain an understanding of the'stop' based system for measuring exposure after reading this post. In addition to that, you will learn how to prioritise the aperture, shutter speed, and ISO settings in order to get the best photo.
What is Depth of Field: The Magic Maker
The term "depth of field" refers to the percentage of an image that is sharp and focused. This is the cause of the situation in which your subject is in focus, but the background is blurry or out of focus. The only way to achieve a shallow depth of field is to use a large aperture, as this does not require changing any settings or pressing any buttons.
A shallow depth of field can typically be achieved by using an aperture of f2 or f2.8 because these values are sufficiently large. A smaller aperture, such as f11 or f16, is what you'll need if you want to achieve a large depth of field in your landscape photographs, in which case everything will appear sharp to the viewer. My best recommendation is that you purchase a Nifty Fifty 50mm 1.8 lens for your camera. They are inexpensive and have a large aperture of f1.8, which allows for beautiful out-of-focus backgrounds to be captured.
Can you learn photography on your own?
Absolutely! The internet has gathered in one location the most brilliant minds and talented photographers from all over the world. You can find the answer to any photography-related question, regardless of its nature, by searching the internet. Do you have an interest in learning about the inverse square law and the reasons why it is so crucial to becoming an expert in flash photography?
You can look up the solution on the internet. Do you want to learn the fundamentals of how to adjust your settings when taking pictures of a newborn? You can look up the solution on the internet. Learning photography is accessible to everyone! This article is designed for readers who are interested in learning photography using a DSLR camera.
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Essential Things Every Photographer Needs to Learn
You want to take some really great photos, do you? Do you want to improve as a photographer and take your work to the next level? This is the point at which we will begin.
Know Your Camera
Would it surprise you to learn that there are professional photographers in the world who don't have a full understanding of how to control their camera? It is correct. How do I know?
It's a huge, embarrassing admission, but unfortunately, it's the truth. We began taking pictures using the Aperture Priority mode and allowing the camera to handle all of the decision-making for us.
We reasoned that it would save us time and be less difficult than learning all of that complicated technical information.
And you can put on an act for a little while here. These days, cameras are more advanced than ever before, and they can get extremely close to their subjects. However, not knowing this information will truly prevent you from advancing and will keep you firmly in the category of "fluking it."
What I'm referring to here is the need to have a fundamental understanding of the essential features of your camera as well as your lens, as well as an awareness of how these factors affect the appearance of your photographs.
It is essential that you have an understanding of how the appearance of your photographs can be altered by adjusting the aperture.
If you want specific results from your photos, you have to learn how to control the shutter speed on your camera.
You have to be able to use your ISO to make decisions that are appropriate for the circumstances.
And after that, depending on the capabilities of your camera, you'll need to be familiar with things like drive modes, white balance, focusing, and stabilisation modes, among other things.
To my relief, these things aren't nearly as challenging as they appear to be. You can master everything in a matter of a few short hours. After you have done so, you will be prepared to advance to the subsequent level.
When you have a firm grasp on aperture, shutter speed, and ISO and how they affect the look of your photographs, the next step is to put them all together and learn how they balance to create a good exposure. Once you've accomplished this, you can move on to the next step.
Finding out exactly what people mean when they talk about a "good exposure" is one of the most difficult things to do. Some people give the impression that there is a "right exposure" and a "wrong exposure," and that if you get either one of them wrong, you are basically an idiot.
That is ridiculous.
What if you look it up on the internet and try to get a better understanding of it? Ha, good luck! They are all very difficult to understand, and they don't really get down to the nitty gritty of how to make a good exposure.
Therefore, we devised our very own meaning of the term "exposure":
A good exposure means setting the brightness level that you want for the image.
If it is brighter than you would like, the exposure is too high. Underexposure occurs when the image is darker than you would like it to be.
In the end, the creative decision is entirely up to you. After all, you are the one in charge of taking pictures. But in order to get the exposure that you want, you need to know how to adjust all of your settings, and you also need to know how to use your camera so that it can help you figure it out. Looking for a Yarra Valley wedding photographer? Look no further! Wild Romantic Photography has you covered.
To begin, allow me to state that, contrary to popular belief, I do not believe that anyone can truly be the master of light (except maybe the Greek God Apollo). We photographers are the happy slaves of light that we willingly serve. Without it, we will be unable to complete our work. And it can be a capricious and unreliable master (especially if you use natural light).
But in order to gain knowledge about light. to comprehend its myriad facets and nuances of complexity. to be able to work with it effectively regardless of the situation. In order to produce it. To seek it. In all honesty, this is something that the photographer does for the rest of their lives. With a great deal of reverence and years of dedicated practise, we may get fairly close to being the master, but we will never actually achieve that status.
Where do we even start? Simple. Outside. When you go outside, you'll find a never-ending supply of different lighting options waiting for you. Are you able to shoot in the blazing heat of the midday sun? Golden hour light? When the sun has completely set? When will the stars be visible?
After that, hurry back inside. Utilize the light that the windows provide. There is an infinite amount of variety there, and you can really start to hone in on the finer points in a scenario that appears to be so straightforward but is actually quite complex.
Are you ready to continue your education? Create your own light (just like a wizard!) and see how it turns out. Become familiar with the use of an external flash. Begin to create your own lighting setups by beginning with a few studio lights that you can either rent, borrow, or buy.
Continue to look for light, never stop learning about it, and constantly challenge yourself to put yourself in new lighting situations. It is going to bring you a lifetime's worth of photographic adventures, as well as more than a few amazing pictures.
Explore Depth of Field
Now, enough with the romantic notions regarding light. Let's get practical.
You probably don't give enough attention to one of the most important aspects of photography, which is known as depth of field.
The depth of field is one of those things that, when you first start learning about it, seems straightforward but gradually becomes more difficult to understand. However, acquiring knowledge of it will bring about a significant shift in your work, even on the most fundamental level.
For instance, if you don't first learn about depth of field, you might believe that all you have to do to blur the background of an image is lower the aperture value. This is because you don't understand how depth of field works.
However, you did not take into account the focal length, the distance between the subject and the background, or the distance between the camera and the subject. And with a particular confluence of contributing factors. It's possible that the aperture you use has very little to no effect at all on the depth of field you get. It is correct. Sometimes there is not a discernible difference in the depth of field when switching from f/1.4 to f/11.
Once you have a basic understanding of how all of these factors interact with one another, you can start to get impressive background blur even with a simple point-and-shoot camera by simply knowing exactly how to control all of the variables. This is true even when the aperture is set to a large value.
The idea that "shallow is always better" is yet another fallacy that people have regarding the depth of field. When you are just starting out, one of the most interesting and novel techniques to try is shallow depth of field. But it's possible to use it too much. Ever seen what a headshot was taken at 85mm f/1.2 looks like? It is very easy to let oneself become distracted by the gorgeous bokeh and forget to notice that not even an entire eyeball is in focus in the photograph. Um, not quite right.
You shouldn't be afraid of using a wide aperture. Or apertures that are small. In point of fact, you shouldn't be concerned about the size of your aperture at all. Acquire the knowledge necessary to understand how depth of field works, and then apply that understanding as a creative decision to ensure that each and every image is perfect. Doing so is the mark of a truly skilled photographer. They are aware of all of their choices and make use of each one.
Get to Know Perspective
This is probably one of the photography subjects that gets the least amount of attention that it deserves. To put it in the simplest terms, perspective refers to the ways in which the objects in your frame are related to one another in terms of their sizes, their positions, and the distance that exists between them. All of these different placements work together to alter the way the scene is interpreted by the viewer. It is possible that it will make things appear more three-dimensional, providing a sense of depth to the photo; however, it is also possible that it will flatten everything out.
So, why isn't this very important topic discussed more frequently? Simply due to the fact that it is difficult! Or, at the very least, that's how it might appear at first.
Let's start. The choice of where you stand in order to take a photograph is a very significant and important decision. It is what establishes the framework of your perspective. Altering your viewpoint can transform a boring photograph into something that is entirely captivating.
Understanding perspective calls for a great deal of work and exploration on the part of the learner. And getting those itty-bitty feet of yours moving! Take a knee, squat down, stand on a ladder, stand on a building, step forwards, step to the left. Crouch, lie down, stand on a ladder, stand on a building. These things shift your perspective and have significant effects on the appearance and atmosphere of the photographs you take. Experiment. Take pictures whenever you shift your position, and then analyse the differences between the shots later. In what ways does it alter the perception?
Now, let's talk about the focal length of the lens. Does that make you see things differently? In a strict sense, no. This results in a shift in one's perspective (that is, the angle of the scene that your camera captures). The field of view that is captured by wide-angle lenses is significantly expanded. Telephoto lenses take in a more concentrated portion of the scene. Simply switching lenses won't cause your perspective to shift by itself (though it may appear to).
It’s when you combine a lens change with a position change that your perspective changes. We have an exclusive range of wedding photography Mornington Peninsula services. Check them out here.
Now that we have expanded our scope, we will examine a composition. This is a massive topic that focuses on the arrangement of the numerous visual elements that make up a scene and how it was put together. A broader concept than perspective, it includes elements such as light, lines, shapes, forms, colours, frames, textures, patterns, movement, and reflections in addition to other things.
You may be familiar with the "rules" of composition, which include the Rule of Thirds, Negative Space, Balance, and Visual Paths. The idea that you have to sit down and learn the rules before you are allowed to be a photographer is likely something that discourages many photographers from delving deeply into the fascinating realm of composition. Rules have a reputation for being intimidating and uninteresting.
On the other hand, I'm here to tell you that the so-called "rules" aren't really rules at all. They are more in the nature of guidelines. These are the different ways that elements in your frame can be arranged to help tell a story, convey an emotion, or get the attention of your viewers. All enjoyable activities, and all things that are absolutely necessary if you want to become a great photographer.
Take, for example, the "Rule of Thirds," which is something you hear a lot about. It is suggested that if you position your subject along one of these "magical thirds lines" or at an intersection of the lines (what I like to refer to as an Awesome Spot), you will automatically give that element a boost in importance within your frame. Well, this is what it suggests. The fact that you are aware of this is very beneficial, as it enables you to guide the attention of the viewer in the direction that you desire.
You could, however, intentionally break that rule (gasp! ), by positioning your subject in the exact middle of the frame, if you're in the mood for some mischief. It's possible that you want to draw attention to the subject's symmetrical qualities. Perhaps it has a very solemn appearance, and positioning it in the exact middle of the room accentuates that impression. Or maybe it's something completely ridiculous, and a dull centred composition is what makes the tension between the two elements work.
It is entirely up to you, seasoned professional photographer. When you have knowledge of composition, you have the ability to make a wide variety of interesting decisions like this one with each and every picture that you take.
Perfect Your Post-Processing
Let's send it off on a note that is a little bit contentious regarding the subject matter.
Within the realm of photography, there are two schools of thought. A number of people have the opinion that post-processing, also known as the use of editing software on photographs after they have been taken, is, at best, a waste of time and, at worst, a distortion of reality.
The other school of thought maintains that post-processing is a tool that can be used by a photographer to make their photographs look more like what they saw with their own eyes when they were taking the photographs, or it can be used to further improve the atmosphere or tell a story. It's a creative method that dates back to the beginning of photography itself, so it's pretty old.
Do you have any ideas as to which camp we fall under? 😉
The ability to post-process one's work is absolutely necessary for any digital photographer. (Gasp! Even film photographers use post-processing to enhance their images.
It is a well-known fact that the images that come straight out of your digital camera do not in any way resemble the original scene that was captured by the camera. They lack excitement, depth, and vitality.
Adjustments to the contrast, brightness, sharpness, and saturation can be made during the post-processing stage to help bring back the image's original beauty.
After that, you'll be able to advance even further.
You can do things like dodging and burning with programmes like Adobe Lightroom. This means that you can selectively lighten or darken parts of an image to direct the attention of your viewers to the specific location that you want it to go.
These methods have been around for some time. However, in the early days of photography, dodging and burning had to be painstakingly accomplished by exposing different parts of the print for varying amounts of time. Today, these techniques can be accomplished digitally.
If you have ever wondered how to learn photography on your own online and master your camera, this article is perfect for a beginner’s companion. If you’d like to work with professional photographers for your wedding, book with us at Wild Romantic Photography.
This will be the guide for you to follow if you want to take photographs of families, seniors, landscapes, natural settings, or weddings, among other types of photography. As the host of the Beginner Photography Podcast and a professional wedding photographer, I have the opportunity to speak with the world's best photographers in their respective fields on a weekly basis. I can tell you from personal experience that novice photographers need to have a solid understanding of the fundamentals of how a camera sees the light and how it works regardless of the subject they want to photograph.