What Are the Seven Elements of Photography?

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    The medium of photography is more than just an art form. It's a skill you need. Learning their craft takes a lot of time and effort for professional photographers, who spend a lot of time studying and learning exactly what it takes to take a photograph that stands out. Line, shape, form, texture, pattern, colour, and space are the seven elements of photography that break down each of the things that a true artist should concentrate on. These elements are line, shape, form, and space. Each imparts its own one-of-a-kind character upon the final product.

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    Elements of Photography

    The manner in which a photograph is composed is one of the seven fundamental elements of photography. Composition enables you to represent any one of these elements in the manner that best suits you.


    Lines, as opposed to points, which are what initially catch the attention of a viewer, are more like a path that a viewer is meant to follow. Or, they can serve as a dividing line, such as the one that separates the sky from the ground.

    As is the case with points, lines in photography do not adhere to the same stringent definitions as lines in geometry. In photography, a line is considered to be anything that spans the composition of an image, connects two different parts of the image, or both. This would include, for example, a winding road or a mountain ridge with jagged edges. The edge of a cloud, no matter how hazy or poorly defined it may be, is almost always a line.

    Lines, in addition to their other important functions, connect the various components of your photograph to one another. They have the ability to provide structure to an image, which is an essential component of giving the impression that an image was created deliberately and on purpose. The image is more likely to have a sense of cohesion if it contains a route that extends from the foreground to the background.

    Sometimes the lines in a photograph are just in the photographer's head, but you can still see them. Imagine a painting of a young boy gazing at a toy truck he is holding. Even though it appears to be "empty," the viewer understands that the distance between the child and the truck is very significant. There is a line or connection between the two elements of the photo, and it is this connection that amplifies the impact of each individual component.

    The importance of lines is not equivalent to that of the points. Instead, they serve to connect points, divide them, or direct the attention of a viewer in the direction that you want it to go. Because of this, they are among the most significant components of the overall composition.

    A line can have multiple connotations depending on the context. The lines that lead the viewer's eyes through a photograph can be very effective; diagonals are particularly effective. Repetitive lines that gradually disappear into the background will help to draw the viewer's attention back to the scene. Not all lines are perfectly straight; the "line" of a model's body can sometimes take the form of a "S," which guides the observer's gaze all the way along the model's form.

    The line is not only the most significant component but also carries the most weight in terms of its significance. Your eyes are trained to follow a line, regardless of whether or not the line is visible. Lines are one of the most powerful components of design because, depending on their nature and how they move, they can convey a variety of feelings.

    The presence of horizontal lines can evoke a sense of ease or calmness, whereas the presence of vertical lines can evoke a sense of power, and the presence of diagonal lines can evoke a sense of movement and direction. A feeling of calm or relaxation is conveyed by lines that are soft and curved, whereas sharp or jagged lines suggest a feeling of frenzy or chaos, and so on.

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    Adding "shape" to an image can be accomplished by including elements within it such as a door with a rectangular opening, square tiles, or even a ring of trees. You can use these to "frame" your subject matter, or you can simply use them to add an interesting new element to your artwork.

    The shape is a representation of an object that only exists in two dimensions. When kids draw, they focus primarily on using shapes, such as the outlines of a house, a tree, the sun, and so on. The shape of an object can be determined by tracing its perimeter.

    What Are the Seven Elements of Photography?

    When it comes to photography, the use of a silhouette effect that is caused by backlighting allows you to represent interesting contours of the objects being photographed. When the shape of the subject (object) can be clearly defined in contrast with the background, silhouette photographs have the ability to make a strong impression.

    Now that we've covered the fundamentals of composition, let's move on to the more advanced topics. The shape of a shape can be anything, from the shape of a face with a smile to the shape of a crescent moon. It is not possible to generalise regarding the effect that different shapes have on the viewer's feelings when viewing a photograph. It's possible that a circle is calming, that a heart is evocative, that a triangle is dynamic, and so on; however, the one thing that can be said about every shape is that they have the ability to grab our attention.

    There are times when the shapes themselves are the object. When captured in a photograph, the sun appears to be in the form of a circle. At other times, the shapes are more conceptual, such as a curved cloud hovering over a curved valley that creates a circular composition throughout the entire photograph. Both types of shapes are significant. The first one draws attention, while the second one provides structure to the photograph.

    When it comes to photography, you should always be on the lookout for shapes, whether they are overt or covert. Keep in mind that they have a very powerful ability to draw our attention, particularly simple shapes and the shapes of people and animals. Adjust the composition of your photos as necessary.


    The form is what gives a photograph that is only two dimensions in scope the impression that it is three dimensional and full of life. Typically, this is accomplished by controlling the light that is falling on your subject. When it comes to portrait photography, there are a wide variety of lighting setups to choose from. These setups will give your subjects form in varying degrees of intensity and shape.

    The form is a representation of an object that is rendered in three dimensions. Form is created by adding a third dimension to the shape, which is thickness.

    Since photography, like other forms of art, is a two-dimensional medium and therefore lacks depth, it is up to you as a photographer to find a way to represent the third dimension in some way by giving the impression that there is depth.

    You can give the impression that your photograph has more depth by utilising light and shadow in the composition.

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    Finding things that have interesting textures and including them in your photograph is how you incorporate texture, and the concept is pretty straightforward. When taking portraits, using a textured background like an old, weathered barn can help your subject stand out while also providing you with a creative background to work with. Character and a backstory can be given to interesting people by means of their textured skin.

    The details that are visible on the surface of an object are what are referred to as its texture. You can create photographs that are visually interesting by using different textures.

    It is important to note that the texture of an object is a significant factor in determining both the emotional impact it has and the amount of attention it garners.

    When you photograph smooth pebbles and mist resulting from a long exposure of the ocean, what kind of atmosphere do you capture? What about craggy, rough mountains bathed in light with a lot of contrast?

    There are times when the textures themselves can serve as the subject of your photograph; for example, the patterns in the sand or the waves of the water. The majority of the time, however, textures are individual components that make up a larger photograph. These components either give your subject some dimension or fill the spaces between subjects.

    The areas that have more texture have a greater tendency to draw additional attention. When there is an abundance of texture in "unimportant" parts of a photograph, it can be distracting and give the impression that the photograph as a whole is too complex. In other instances, the texture will provide your subject with an essential sense of dimension, such as by filling out the form of a mountainous landscape.

    When it comes to highlighting the textures, the angle at which the light is coming from plays a significant role. You will either wait for the light that will emphasise the roughness or the softness of an object, depending on the feeling that you want your photograph to convey. This decision will be made based on what you want your photograph to convey.

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    Repetition of forms or textures that are arranged in a metrically consistent manner can be referred to as a pattern.

    What Are the Seven Elements of Photography?

    Patterns can be found anywhere and everywhere in photography. This is true not only of something insignificant like a texture that appears multiple times throughout the photo, but also of any element that features a similar pattern. Even the reflection of a mountain in a body of water is a pattern, and it is important to recognise its significance because it helps bring the picture as a whole into focus.

    That's the effect that patterns have. They help photos look more cohesive. They provide photographs with an explanation for why the photographer chose to take that particular image rather than another one of the same or similar subject matter rather than another.

    It could be argued that patterns are more readily apparent in photographs of human-made scenes, such as architectural photography. Patterns can be found in even the most natural settings and living things, such as the feathers on a bird or the way waves move across the ocean.

    It is not necessary for every photograph you take to clearly display a pattern, and this is not a cause for concern. But pay attention to the times when you discover patterns of repetition or interconnectedness in the world around you. It has the potential to be an extremely powerful photograph.

    If you look for them carefully, patterns can be found not only in natural things but also in things that humans have made. You can create an image that is visually compelling and keeps the viewer engaged by using these patterns in your composition.

    When this harmony or rhythm in pattern is broken, it can sometimes yield much better results, such as by producing a dynamic composition.

    The regularity of the pattern brings order to the otherwise chaotic visual world. From things that were made by humans to natural materials and abstract concepts.

    Patterns can be created by arranging the components of a design in a way that is consistent and repeatable. To put it another way, patterns can be thought of as simple repetitions of the components of art and design. These operate in tandem within a single framed environment.

    The human eye is trained to recognise repeating shapes and patterns. A viewer may experience emotions they weren't expecting as a result of this.

    Patterns are an important part of the creative process in art and design because they make an image appear to be floating off the page. Exploration and photographic technique are equally important when it comes to the process of incorporating patterns into your photographs.

    Consider taking pictures of buildings and other man-made structures, as well as natural subjects like flowers. Once you begin to look, you will be astounded by the plethora of patterns that can be found all around you.


    We place a lot of importance on colour in the design process. When it comes to determining the atmosphere of a photograph, the colours you choose are very important.

    The most fundamental aspect of design is colour. It is possible to create secondary and tertiary colours by mixing the primary colours of red, blue, and yellow. This process ultimately results in the creation of the "colour wheel." Complementary colours are those that are directly across from one another on the colour wheel. These colours pair nicely with one another. Because of this, the colours red and green are synonymous with Christmas, blue and orange are synonymous with sports teams, and yellow and purple are synonymous with royalty (Lakers).

    The colours can be roughly divided into two categories: warm colours and cool colour categories. The colours red, orange, and yellow are considered to be warm colours because they evoke feelings of cosiness, liveliness, and vigour. In contrast, blue and green are calming colours that evoke feelings of tranquilly as well as melancholy and gloom.

    The use of colour, as opposed to the more traditional black-and-white photography that is in and of itself a creative choice, can significantly alter both the composition and the atmosphere of a photograph.

    When it comes to photography, every colour evokes a different set of feelings; discussing this subject would require much more room than what is available here. However, the distinction between warm and cool colours is currently the most important one you need to be aware of for the time being.

    Red, orange, and yellow are all examples of warm colours. They are dynamic, springing to the forefront of an image and bringing a sense of increased motion and excitement to the viewer. If you put a bright red dot against a bright blue background, many people will genuinely perceive the red dot as closer to the viewer, almost as if it were casting a shadow behind it. What I mean by this is not simply that they leap to the forefront of the conversation in a figurative sense.

    Therefore, the opposite colours, known as cool colours, are green, blue, and violet. These are more subdued tones, with a touch more tenderness to their general disposition. Blue and green, in particular, are the colours that are most frequently found in nature; a blue sky or greenfield both send a message that is reassuring and comforting to the viewer. But cool colours also appear in lower light environments, even shadows on a sunny day, so they do have a sense of darkness to them. This sense of darkness is one that can be particularly powerful in photographs, for example, of a storm.

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    What Are the Seven Elements of Photography?

    When you are composing your photographs, you should be aware of the colours that are contained within them and work to take advantage of the strengths that those colours possess. When you combine a warm colour with a cool colour, you generate an interesting sense of contrast, which ultimately results in an image that stands out to the viewer. In a similar vein, photographs with just one or two primary colours present a very unified message, which, if crafted with care, has the potential to achieve a great deal of success.


    Another component that contributes to the sense of depth in your image is space. Every picture needs to have something in the foreground, in the middle ground, and in the background. This is a straightforward method for guiding the viewer's attention all over the picture and even further into space. In photography, "space" can also refer to both the positive and negative areas of the frame. Something, like your subject, can occupy the positive space that's available. The word "negative" refers to a "empty" or "blank" space that might still contain some information. What lies in between all of the positive space is referred to as negative space.

    Another essential component of design is space, which conveys information about the distance between elements, as well as perspective and the relative sizes of elements.

    A subject fills what is known as the "positive space" in an image, while the background fills what is known as the "negative space." When attempting to define the shape of the subject, both the positive and negative spaces are essential components.

    When the rule of thirds is used to compose an image, giving the subject some breathing room helps them feel at ease.

    Islands and water, clouds and the sky, ink and paper all go hand in hand. Both positive and negative space were available.

    The term "positive space" refers to any part of the photograph that draws the viewer's eye. Positive space is typically comprised of regions that carry a significant amount of visual weight. The same is true for regions that contain a significant amount of texture.

    The "filler" in between regions of positive space is referred to as negative space. It doesn't necessarily blend into the background like cool colours usually do, but neither is it the part of the picture that draws the most attention to itself either.

    Images with a large amount of positive space appear to have a lot of clutter, whereas images with a large amount of negative space appear to have a lot of empty space. Although neither of these feelings strikes one as particularly positive, they are both capable of producing striking results when captured in a photograph. Because cityscapes typically have a lot of positive space, when I took pictures of them I tried to convey a sense of activity and haste. In other photographs that I've taken, the subject is very small in comparison to the overall setting. These pictures are meant to evoke feelings of desolation and awe.

    Other components of composition, such as visual weight and distance, have a significant impact on the relationship between positive and negative space. However, depending on how the photograph is composed, even an image depicting a single subject, such as a portrait of that subject, can have varying proportions of positive to negative space. Simply adjust the proportion of your subject to the background in the frame to make it appear larger or smaller. There will be a discernible shift in the feelings conveyed by the image.

    The Rule of Thirds

    Placing a nine-square grid over a photograph is the most effective method for illustrating the "rule of thirds," which is recognised as one of the most widely used compositional principles in photography. You would accomplish this by dividing an image into thirds both horizontally and vertically, resulting in a total of nine sections. According to the general rules of form photography, if you place the most interesting element of your photos along with one of those lines, your photo will automatically be well-composed because it will follow the guidelines for good composition.

    Lighting and Composition for Photography

    Lighting and composition are the two most important aspects of photography, which are two of the seven fundamental elements. These two aspects are typically what novice photographers concentrate on. In addition to the rule of thirds, there are many other compositional techniques that can be used in photography. Two of these techniques are symmetry and depth. Symmetry is a technique that uses tricks like reflections to make an otherwise mundane photograph more interesting. Depth is a technique that combines the foreground and background in interesting ways to bring an image to life. "Shooting light" is an additional significant form utilised in photography. This requires you to be conscious of the way light interacts with the subject matter of your photographs and to emphasise that interaction. You can go from being a photographer to a photographic artist simply by experimenting with these seven fundamentals of photography and using the professional techniques that go along with them.

    By adhering to these seven guidelines, you will be able to exert a greater amount of influence over your photographic work. This will result in higher-quality photographs as well as increased opportunities for photography.

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    The components of the design that were discussed earlier are the building blocks of strong composition in photographic images. In the following articles, we will go over each of these components in greater depth so that you can get an in-depth understanding of them. Do you make a conscious effort to incorporate these aspects of design into your photographic compositions? In terms of design, what aspects of a photograph do you believe contribute to it being more captivating than others?

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